Open Access: Green vs. Gold
The main and most permanent venues for open access are repositories and journals.
There are two main types of Open Access journals,
- Green Open Access Journals that give authors permission to self-archive in some way:
- usually in an institutional (DigitalCommons@Linfield) or disciplinary repository (arXiv).
- author pays a fee to have article published OA immediately in a subscription-based journal (Taylor & Francis Open Select).
- Gold journals that provide immediate access to articles but the author or author's institution pays a fee at the time of publication (PLoS). The New Wave of Gold OA Journals.
Harnad, S. and others. (2012). The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Road to Open Access: an update.
Open Access: Gratis and Libre
Free access and rights to re-use content.
- Gratis refers to free access to online articles.
- Libre includes Gratis and some re-use rights.
Further reading about this ongoing discussion:
- Peter Suber's discussion Gratis and Libre in the SPARC Open Access Newsletter August 2, 2008
- Post on Nature Blog by Mike Taylor (with comments by Steven Harnad) May 3, 2012
- Royster, P. (2012). Up from Under the “Open Access” Bus. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication 1(2):eP1045. http://dx.doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.1045
Myths About Open Access
These myths about open access are all FALSE.
- OA journals are not peer-reviewed
- All OA journals charge authors
- “Author pays” is a “vanity press” model
- OA violates copyright law
- OA literature is free to produce
- OA is a business model
- OA is a type of content or license
- OA is only about journal articles