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BIOL 108 Ecology of Ecosystems  

Last Updated: Jun 11, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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Develop a Search Strategy:

  • Write your topic of interest as a question.
  • Think of as many keywords or concepts (not whole sentences) as you can to describe your topic. Add more words, subject headings, and descriptors that you find as you search.
  • Combine the terms for your online searching using Boolean Logic (AND, OR, NOT) to get more relevant sources.

  • Think about what you already know about your topic. What more do you want to know?

  • Take time to explore what kind of information is available.  See what others have published in books or periodical articles.

  • Be open to new ideas:  Modify your topic as you discover more information.


  • Research is a process. 

  • It takes time to search and to think about what you find and how it fits with your topic.

Ecology of Ecosystems

Each species on our planet plays a role in the healthy functioning of natural ecosystems, on which humans depend.
- William H. Schlesinger, president of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies


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